What’s the difference between sleep and hibernate

The basic differences between hibernate and sleep is that Sleep is a partially paused state of mind and body for the short term that includes inhibited muscles and sensory activity WHILE Hibernation is an inactive and depressed seasonal metabolic state that includes low heartbeats and breaths.

Difference between Sleep and Hibernation
difference between sleep and hibernate

The key thing here You have to keep in mind is that Sleep always includes the normal metabolic rates, and that means our body at sleep burns calories to beat the heart and continue the breath. The human body is not made to hibernate. There are only a few animals that hibernate but mostly in winter and those animals are called endotherms.

Difference between sleep and hibernate side-by-side:

SLEEP HIBERNATION
1. Metabolic activities do not vary. Metabolic activities do noticeably vary from normal.
2. Body temperature stays at normal values. Body temperature goes much lower which sometimes reaches around 0 °C.
3. Heartbeat goes minorly down from the normal rate. Heartbeat goes quite down which supports metabolic rate goes down.
4. Its time-frame is lower than hibernation and can be calculated in hours. It has quite a longer time-frame which can be calculated in months and years sometimes.
5. The digestion process is not get affected by sleep. Digestion in hibernation goes paused though urine and feces get stopped too and reprocessed to extract maximum nutrients.
6. The process of respiration goes low a bit. Respiration drastically go down compared to sleep.
7. Almost all animals sleep. There are only a bunch of animals that hibernate.

Also Read: difference between prokaryotes and eukaryotes

Animals that Hibernate:

Animals that Hibernate are,

  1. Bats.
  2. Bears.
  3. Box turtles.
  4. Bumblebees.
  5. Chipmunks.
  6. Common poorwill.
  7. Fat-tailed Dwarf lemurs.
  8. Garter snake.
  9. Hedgehog.
  10. Hummingbirds.
  11. Land snails.
  12. Ladybugs.
  13. Wood frogs.
  14. Skunks.
  15. Woodchucks.
  16. Groundhog.
  17. Wasps (insect).
  18. Domestic lizards.
  19. Gila monsters (lizard).
  20. Crocodiles.

Do insects sleep?

Do insects sleep, is a very interesting question that people want to know. The answer is YES they do, but not the same way as other animals. Insects use to get in a special state of rest which is called torpor. During torpor, insects get stick to a place firmly with no movement and response to their surroundings.

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